Who can become the president of India?
We know that who is the President of India and we have also some information about his work, but do you know who can become The President of India. So lets us know today who can become President of India and about his work and strength.
First, Qualifications required being the President of India
Article 58 of Indian constitution gives a list of qualifications required for a person to contest for the post of President.
(i) Candidate must be a citizen of India.
(ii) Candidate must have completed 35 years of age.
(iii) Qualified for elections as a member of Lok Sabha.
(iv) As Per the Article 58(2), the Candidate should not be holding any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any state or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the state governments.
However, There are some exceptions to the provision for the eligibility.
(i) It is not mentioned whether the candidate should be a Natural Born citizen or any other.
(ii) However the candidate may be holding the office of President or Vice-president or Governor of any state or Ministers of the union or any state, shall be eligible to fight the election.
Something interesting now, Oath of the President,
The oath to the President is administered by the Chief Justice of India, In his absence, one of the most senior judges of the supreme court of India would administrate.
Lets us know talk about the strength and functioning of the President of India,
(i) All the executive decision of Union is taken in the name of President.
(ii) All the executive action of Government of India is taken in the name of Government.
(iii) He can seek information from Prime Minister.
The president of India can appoint,
(a) Prime Minister and other Ministers
(b) Attorney General of India.
(c) Chief Justice of India.
(d) Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
(e) Chief Election Commissioner.
(f) Chairman and Member Of UPSC.
(g) Governor of States.
(h) Member of Finance commission.
(i) Member of Planning Commission.
(j) Member of Language Commissioner.
(k) Appoints-Head of Army, Head of Navy, Head of Airforce.
(i) He can nominate 12 members Eminent in literature, Science, arts or social services to the Rajya Sabha.
(ii) He can nominate two persons belonging to the Anglo-Indian community to Lok Sabha.
(iii) He can summons the session of the parliament and can dissolve the Lok Sabha.
(iv) He has the power to organise a joint meeting of both the Houses of Parliament.
(v) He can address the Parliament at the commencement of the First session after each general elections and the first session of each year.
(vi) His advice and permission are needed to introduce certain types of the bill in the Parliament.
(vii) He can promulgate an ordinance when the parliament is not in Session.
Report: Navneet Sinha
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