NEW DELHI : 16th December 1971, India –Pakistan War is one of the biggest war between two neighbour country .This was one of the most convicing victory of indian military .It come to the end with the surrender of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan ( now in Bangladesh ), with almost 1,00,000 being taken prisoner of war and eventually leading up to the liberation of Bangladesh on December 16,1971.This is
This victory is not only for India , Bangladesh also celebrate this day VIJAY DIWAS , every year to show the both countries victory over Pakistan. According to LT. General PS Mehta says that “ The Indian Army Celebrate Vijay Diwas on 16 December to memorise the day of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan. On December 3 , Pakistan attacked 11 of the indian air fields because of which the war actually started .After this India take offensive response, undertaking in Eastern and western areas of Pakistan .India put Pakistani Forces on their feet in just 13 days .
After this war whole world convienced about India’s power .This was the first time in the 21th century ,where India showed the whole world that it liberated a new country . This was the second time after World War II that a new country was born out of war .
Indira Gandhi , the Prime Minister of India on that time , made many attempts to induce international action against Pakistan ,but that was unsuccefull.
On 3 December ,1971 at early morning , Pakistan launched a pre –emptive airstrike at Indian airfield of Srinagar , Avantipur , Pathankot ,Uttarlai,Jodhpur,Ambala and Agra,after this Inida launched his response . While the Pakistani pre – emptive strikes could not cause any damage to Indian aircraft .Indian Air force established complete air superiority over East Pakistan while dominating the skies on the western front too.
On the ground India forces continuously marched forward in East Pakistan despite the enemy strength of about four division and establish complete supremacy which ultimately led to Pakistan forces laying down their arms . In the eastern sector, Indian Air Force Hunters, SU-7 and Mig-21s dive bombed the two PAF airfields, disabling them for flights, and decimated its aircraft. IAF executed more than 4,000 sorties to attain the vital air superiority over East Pakistan, and to support the Indian Army’s ground operations. Pakistani forces attacked from the western front, heavy fighting were was witnessed in Poonch, Chhamb and the Shakarhgarh Bulge, but they did not succeed due to the courage and tenacity of the Indian forces, Pakistan then strategised annexing of some territories in the deserts as that could play out as assets on the negotiating table. This led to the epic Battle of Longewala where an Infantry company of 23 Punjab under Major (later Brigadier) KS Chandpuri withstood an assault by hundreds of tanks throughout the night.
Pakistan’s combat strength in East Pakistan by the end of November 1971 was four divisions. The Pakistan Navy had sufficient gunboats operating in inland and coastal waters. However, not a single aircraft was destroyed on ground. The Indian Air Force went into action the same night and continued operations at an unprecedented pace of 500 sorties per day, a rate higher than in the Second World War.
The surrender by the Pakistan Army Commander Lt Gen AAK Niazi was accepted by the Army Commander of eastern Command Lt. Gen. JS Arora.