“Overpopulation in India”
The population of India is increasing at alarming rate. And there are major several problems in India and every problem has some connection with increasing population at an alarming rate.
Around 2.5% of land mass is India in the world and the 17.5% of total population lives in India.
Overpopulation leads to poverty, unemployment, the effect of climate change, environmental destruction, social and religious conflict, rapid depletion of non-renewable resources, reduction in the capacity of the environment.
It also has an inverse relationship with the environment.
The overpopulation is the cause of unemployment and low unemployment is the cause of terrorist, Naxalism, robbery, drug addiction, murder, etc so it works as a chain of problems.
The condition has really worsened which could be seen due to overpopulation.
Overpopulation needs to be controlled in India.And it’s true solution is better education and healthcare.
It has been seen interdependent in literacy rate and fertility rate.Many places where the literacy rate is high, their fertility rate is low. For example, Kerela is having literacy rate 100% and their fertility rate is approx 1.6.
The fertility rate is the no. of the child produced by a female during its lifetime. And the best fertility rate is 2. It means the number of the child produced in a country is balanced with the number of people die in the country. But it has also seen that dieing of people unnaturally and the child dies during the birth. So it may imbalance the population and it may reduce the population.So the best fertility rate is taken 2.2.
Especially the poor family think that they need to produce more child. By producing more child they will have more earning hand and they will become rich. Due to this kind of thinking the overpopulation is also caused and the underdevelopment of their children due to the lack of proper nutrition. Due to so many children they do not send to their children to the school and instead of sending their children to the school they send them to work for earning and they remain uneducated.
And again due to education, they produce more child. And overpopulation is not controlled.
Our government is working very well to control the economy and other problems but when the government target the large mass of the population of that area their problems are solved but again a huge mass migrate from other reason to that area so the plan does not work in favour of the government. For example, these all happen due to urbanization.
And the government has to work on quantity, not on quality. If the population is less then only a better quality of people can be expected from our country otherwise the government will be engaged in day to day activity of rationalism, religious activity, etc, etc. As people have no work to do so they are involved in this kind of activity.
So it’s better to have control over on the overpopulation.
There is some measure to have control on overpopulation.
1. Like China, India should put the ban on giving birth child after some limit. But this policy is unsuccessful in China and it leads to the high difference in the sex ratio. So it may not work.
And it also violates the person basic rights. As every person has it’s right to live their life in their own way.
2. Forcefully sterilization, But it will also violate the freedom or basic rights of people. This was also practised during the time of Indra Gandhi in an emergency, but it violates human basic rights. There was also no effect on reduction of population.
3. Education and healthcare education, As it has seen in many countries and in Tamil Nadu where the literacy rate is high or approx 100% there the fertility rate is low.
So government should make an investment in education on these in school, hospital so that people get aware about these things.
But women’s education is more important than overall education because educated women postponed her pregnancy according to her futuristic thoughts, therefore no need for the government to intervene in this matter. An educated mother can take care her child in a better way.
And hope that this is the only way to have control on overpopulation. And it will also help in the development of the country.
Report: Kumar Amit
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