Khalistan movement & Operation blue star: Full details
The Khalistan movement was a movement run by Sikhs community, in which Sikhs were demanding a separate country for themselves.
1947- Partition of India and Pakistan was mainly divided into the historical state of Punjab. A lot of bloodsheds, people had to leave their home and jobs. After some time there was a demand for a separate state for the Sikhs by the Sikh community, but the State Recognition Commision refused to fulfil this demand. After this actual Khalistan movement was started, Sikh leaders who were settled in UK and Canada, started a donation drive to make Khalistan (Punjab) a separate country, where Jagjit Singh Chauhan was played an important role. They declared the Khalistan as a separate country and its currency in foreign soil ( New York ).
Punjab separated from Haryana in 1966 but still the problem of Punjab was not eliminated, in 1973, the Anandpur Resolution came to highlight. In which some points were discussed to eliminate the problem of Punjab. The major motivation behind the resolution was the safeguard of the Sikh identity by securing a state structure that was decentralised, with no-interference from the central government.
Objectives of this resolution
1) The transfer of the federally administered city of Chandigarh to Punjab.
2) The transfer of Punjabi speaking and contiguous area of Haryana.
3) Decentralisation of state under the existing constitution, limiting the central government’s role.
4) The call for land reforms and industrialisation of Punjab, along with safeguard of the rights of the weaker section of the population.
5) The enactment of an all India gurudwara ( Sikh house worship) act.
6) Protection for minorities residing outside Punjab but within India.
7) Revision of Government recruitment quota restricting the number of Sikh in armed forces.
This resolution was largely forgotten until raised by Bhindranwale and Akali Dal again in 1982 but Indra Gandhi considered the Anandpur Resolution as a secessionist document.
Who is Bhindranwale?
Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, A religious scholar who became the head of the Damdami Taksal in 1977. He always opposed Nirankari Sikhs.
After the emergency of 1975-77, Indira Gandhi’s government lost the power in the next election. And the Janata Dal government came. Congress also lost power in Punjab in 1977 and Akali Dal formed the government. The Congress wanted someone who could weaken the Akali Dal in Punjab, then the Congress started supporting the Bhindrawale.
In the 1980 elections, Congress came back to power in the centre and Punjab. Darbara Singh who became the Chief Minister of Punjab. Darbara Singh was against Bhindrawale, but Bhindrawale was still supported by some Congress leaders. After this bloody game started in Punjab, in the year 1980 Baba Gurubachan Singh who was a leader of the Nirankari Sikh was murdered.
In the census of 1981, the language of the mother tongue became an issue. Bhindranwale and his supporters wanted that most people should give their mother tongue to Punjabi so the Punjabi language will get importance. At the same time, the editor of Punjab Kesari, Lala Jagat Narain was murdered because he had written in his newspaper that Hindi -speaking people tell their mother tongue only to Hindi.
Dharam Yudh Morcha
1982- Bhindrawale and Akali Dal started Dharm Yudh Morcha, an agitation for the adoption of Anandpur Sahiba resolution.
But the Congress government crackdown on this movement. Police opened fire, more than 100 people were killed and 30000 people were arrested.
November 1982, the protest was held during the Asian Games in Delhi.
April 1983, DIG AS Atwal was killed on the steps of Golden Temple.
October 1983, 6 Hindu Bus passengers were killed. After the president.
15 December 1983, Bhindrawale captured the Akal Takht of the golden temple with its supporters.
After that, curfew was imposed on 1 June 1984 in Punjab and all the communication medium was blocked. Army and paramilitary forces took Punjab under their command. All news reporters were ordered to go out of Amritsar.
Indira Gandhi tried to negotiate and sent a proposal for Akali leaders and Bhindranwale but Bhindranwale rejected all proposals.
After that, the operation blue star started, which was intended to flush out militants, led by Bhindrawale hold up inside Akal Takht.
Operation Blue Star
3 June 1984, On the anniversary of the martyrdom of Guru Arjan, Indian army blocked Golden temple and pilgrims were stopped to leaving by Bhindranwale’s men. Major General Kuldeep Singh Brar led an army in this operation and a retired senior army officer Major General Shahbeg Singh led the militants inside the temple complex.
On 5th June, a real fight started, in which there was considerable damage to the army. After this, the army attacked Akal Takht from the tanks, and during this, bullets were also found in the main temple of the golden temple, this was considered the mistake of Indian army, because the golden temple is a very sacred place for the Sikhs and that is what the cause of the murder of Gandhi.
31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her bodyguard.
1985 – Air India Flight “Kanishka” from Montreal to Delhi bombed, 329 passengers were killed.
1985- Harchand Singh Longwall of Akali Dal was murdered as he signed an agreement with P.M. Rajiv Gandhi.
1986- General AS Vaidhya, the of the chief of the army during blue assassinated.