History of Indian Cinema
History of Indian Cinema. The Film Industry of cinema was filled with many ups and downs. The Indian Film Industry is the second oldest film industry in the world ( Known as Bollywood) after US(Hollywood) film industry. The first film of the Indian film industry was ‘The Wrestler’ which released in 1899. This film was directed by H.S. Bhatavdekar(Indian Film Maker) but due to some reason, this film has not gone on to be the first film. On 18th may 1912 ‘Shree Pundalik’ by Dadasaheb was released in Mumbai but again due to some reasons, this film has not gone on to be the first film because of Shree Pundalik is recorded of the Marathi Natak, This is the reason for not being in the list of the first Indian film.
From 1913 to 1918, Dadasaheb made 23 films together. Although Indian cinema was not able to maintain the high standards as it should have been but still it started making a place in the industry. In the early 1920s, too many new production companies came into the market and those were based on historical films and religion in films that were till then. Although Bollywood had made its own identity till then, it still did not become as populous as soon as Hollywood was. Viewers were also seeing Hollywood films till then, and more of them used to be action films.
The First Film of the Indian Cinema is ‘Raja Harish Chandra’. Raja Harishchandra is a 1913 Indian silent film, directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke. It is recognized as the first Marathi film.
After that many films have been released, one of the movies is Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra which is the remake of the Raja Harishchandra. Then came the sound films one of which is Alam Ara. It was the first Indian sound film which was released on 14th March 1931. This film was directed by Ardeshir Irani. In the same year, Ardeshir Irani directed a film Kalidas.
After this film, many films have been established. East India company also took part in the history of Indian cinema. In 1933 East India company made the first movie named as Savitri. Savitri film was directed by C. Pullaiah. It was based on a popular stage play of Mylavaram Bala Bharati Samajam. It was the first film produced by East India Film Company with a budget of estimated Rs.45,000. This was the first blockbuster film.
A lot of films come after the success of Savitri. Bombay, Calcutta, Chennai and many more cities built their own Film studio. Given this, the Government of India has created the Vision of Film. Talented artists can seek help from the vision of the film.
From 1947 to 1960 the Indian Film Industry was called as the golden era. In between the golden era, After the Golden Age, many films of many languages were established.
After 1970, the film industry was called the modern era in which Shri Amitabh Bachchan, Rajesh Khanna, Dev Anand, Dharmendra, Manoj Kumar, Pran, Nargis, Kamal Haasan, Shashi Kapoor, Rajinikanth, Jeetendra, Rekha, Shri Devi, Hema Malini, and many more brilliant Artists gave a new dimension to the Indian cinema. Rajesh Khanna became the first superstar of Indian cinema. Sholay film was the greatest hit of that time, the groundbreaking film which was directed by Ramesh Sippy. It not only got international accolades but also made Amitabh Bachchan a Superstar. After that many Masala films made Bachchan the biggest Bollywood movie star of the period. Another landmark film was Amar Akbar Anthony (1977, Manmohan Desai). Desai further expanded the genre in the 1970s and 1980s. In the 1980s, many Women directors came into the industry like Meena Nair and Aparna Sen and how can you forget Muzaffar Ali’s film Umrao Jaan, in which the legendary actor of the line had won everyone’s heart.
In the 1990s, there were performances like Shahrukh Khan and Salman Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Aamir Khan, Juhi Chawla, Chiranjeevi, and by this time the technique of Bollywood and filmmaking was continuously improving. besides this, the year 2008 was also fantastic Years when AR Rahman got an Oscar for Slumdog Millionaire.
Now Talking about today, much of Bollywood has changed, and now it makes films not only at Indian level but also at international level and every major production house is seen in other countries other than India. Most of today’s films are blockbuster which earns hundreds of crore not only in India but in other countries as well. Dangal which earned 990 crores in China making a massive hit. At last, all I can say about Indian cinema is BAHUBALI and the rest is history.