Euthanasia in India
A few days ago, the Supreme court of India issued an order which, in no time, spread like a revolution across the country. This order was about Euthanasia in India, actually, Euthanasia is a practice of ending of life to get relief from pain and suffering. A constitutional bench of five judges of supreme court Of India agreed with Passive Euthanasia. Supreme Court said that under article 21(right to live and personal liberty) the person has right to die with respect too.
1. Active Euthanasia
2. Passive Euthanasia
Active Euthanasia when death is caused by any act. Such as when a person is killed by overdose or painkiller.
Passive Euthanasia when death is caused when the patient is left to die. This can be done by withholding and withdrawing treatment.
The main difference of Active Euthanasia and Passive Euthanasia is that active euthanasia is like a murder, patient, where killed by medical professionals and in passive euthanasia patients, are left in his condition so that he dies himself, like
-Withdrawing treatment: switch off the machine which keeps the patient alive, so that the person die through disease. But the important thing is that active euthanasia is ban in India.
Supreme court has not made a rule till now on passive euthanasia but has said to take it in practice till the final decision.
With this decision, a new thing has come up that “ Living will “ or Advance Directive, it is a document by which a person can decide his own death. The person can already decide that in his delicate circumstances he should not be kept alive with the help of the life support machine because he does not want to suffer from that pains.
Court says in his judgement “ A failure to legally recognise advance medical directives may amount to non-facilitation of the rights to smoothen the dying process and the right to live with dignity.”
But there are lots of condition to full fill, person has to follow the following condition:-
• The advance directive can be executed only in a healthy state by an adult and it shall be writing clearly as to when medical treatment may be withdrawn or no specific medical shall be given which will only have the effect of delaying the process of death that may otherwise cause him/ her pain, anguish and suffering. The decision about the circumstances must be clearly specified.
Report: Kumar Amit